China Conformity System
The Chinese laws and regulations relevant to conformity assessment may basically be categorized
into the following hierarchies:
• administrative regulations,
• ministerial regulations,
1. laws are enacted and adopted by the National People’s Congress (NPC) and promulgated by
way of a presidential order signed by the state president;
2. administrative regulations are enacted and adopted by the State Council and promulgated by
way of a State Council order signed by the premier;
3. ministerial are enacted and adopted by the relevant ministries and commissions of the State
Council within their respective functions and duties, and promulgated by the chief responsible
person of the respective ministry or commission by way of an “order” on his signature,
Main Laws involving conformity assessment:
1. Product Quality Law of the People’s Republic of China ( by Order No.33 of the President of
the People’s Republic of China)
2. Law of the People's Republic of China on Import and Export Commodity Inspection (By
Order No.67 of the President of the People’s Republic of China)
3. Standardisation Law of the People’s Republic of China (by Order No.11 of the President of
the People’s Republic of China)
4. Metrology Law of the People's Republic of China (by Order No.28 of the President of the
People’s Republic of China)
1. Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Certification and Accreditation (by Order
No. 390 of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China )
2. Regulations for the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Import
and Export Commodity Inspection (by Order No. 447 of the State Council of the People’s
Republic of China )
3. Regulations for the Implementation of the Standardisation Law of the People's Republic of
China (by Order No. 53 of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China )
1. Administrative Rules for the Compulsory Product Certification (by Order No.5  of
AQSIQ of the People’s Republic of China)
2. Administrative Measures for the Nuisance-free Agricultural Products (by Order No.12 
of Ministry of Agriculture and AQSIQ)
3. Administrative Rules for the Registration of Foreign Production Enterprises of Imported
Food (by Order No.16  of AQSIQ)
4. Administrative Rules for the Sanitation Registration and List Entry of Export Food
Manufacturing Enterprises (by Order No.20  of AQSIQ)
5. Interim Administrative Rules for the Sanctions of Illicit Acts in Certification (by Order No.29
 of AQSIQ)Measures for the Administration of the Personnel of Certification and
Certification Related Training and Consulting (by Order No.61  of AQSIQ)
6. Administrative Measures for the Certification Certificates and Certification Marks (by Order
No.63  of AQSIQ)
7. Administrative Measures for the Compulsory Products Certification Bodies, Inspection
bodies and Laboratories (by Order No.65  of AQSIQ)
8. Administrative Measures for Organic Product Certification (by Order No.67  of AQSIQ)
9. Administrative Measures for the Energy Efficiency Labels (by Order No.17  of NDRC
2．Parts of conformity assessment system
This report introduces various aspects of the conformity assessment system in China, including:
1. Laws and regulations on conformity assessment;
3. Administrative regulatory system;
4. Accreditation system; it includes certification,testing andinspection as its methods .
certification is the provision by an independent body of written assurance (a certificate) that the product, service or system in question meets specific requirements. Certification is also known as third party conformity assessment.
Many companies and organizations decide to get certified to one of ISO’s management system standards, such as ISO 9001. This is a way of showing outsiders that the organisation has an effective quality management system in place. Read more about getting certified to ISO’s management system standards.
Testing is the determination of one or more of an object or product’s characteristics and is usually performed by a laboratory.
For example, many people have their blood tested which involves analysing the blood against a number of characteristics such as whether it shows the presence of a disease, or genetic disorder.
CASCO has developed a number of standards that laboratories can follow to help ensure that their results can be trusted.
Inspection describes the regular checking of a product to make sure it meets specified criteria.
Fire extinguishers, for example, need regular inspections to ensure they are safe for use.
CASCO has developed a number of standards that inspection bodies can follow to help ensure that we can trust their work.
5. Compulsory product certification system and other product certification activities; and
6. The involvement and contribution of China in the international activities related to conformity assessment.
A Mutual Recognition Agreement or Arrangement (MRA) increases confidence in conformity assessment between countries as it formally recognises the results of each other’s testing, inspection, certification or accreditation, reducing duplication of conformity assessment activities.
3．China Quality Infrastructure and Conformity Assessment System
Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China, or CNCA, is China’s unitary competent authority for the administration, supervision and comprehensive coordination of certification and accreditation and related conformity assessment activities. CNCA is established by the decision of, and authorized by, the State Council.
The system requires manufacturers of 172 types of products to obtain the China Compulsory
Certification (CCC) mark before exporting to or selling in the China market.
The application process for the CCC mark:
For those applications that do not involve factory inspection, the turnaround time is
normally within sixty days, and for those involve factory inspection, the turnaround time is
within ninety days;
requires testing at designated laboratories;
generally does not permit self declaration of conformity;
requires submission of technical documents;
requires submission of product sample(s) to a designated testing laboratory;
pre-license factory inspection is required when it is the first time that a factory and a type of
product apply for CCC. It is carried out by auditors assigned by designated certification
bodies. The factory inspection is at the applicant's expense, which is the same as certification
requires follow-up inspections every twelve months;
The CCC Mark is administered by CNCA. There are 11 certification bodies designated by CNCA to
process CCC mark applications.